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Judge Clears Court Record Of Civil Rights Pioneer Claudette Colvin

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — A judge has approved a request to wipe clean the court record of a Black woman who was arrested for refusing to move to the back of a segregated Alabama bus in 1955, months before Rosa Parks gained international fame for doing the same.

A judge granted the request by Claudette Colvin, now 82, in a brief court order made public Thursday by a family representative.

Parks, a 42-year-old seamstress and activist with the NAACP, gained worldwide notice after refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man on Dec. 1, 1955. Her treatment led to the yearlong Montgomery Bus Boycott, which propelled the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. into the national limelight and often is considered the start of the modern civil rights movement.

A 15-year-old high school student at the time, Colvin refused to shift seats on a segregated Montgomery bus even before Parks.

A bus driver called police on March 2, 1955, to complain that two Black girls were sitting near two white girls in violation of segregation laws. One of the Black girls moved toward the rear when asked, a police report said, but Colvin refused and was arrested.

Claudette Colvin is seen in a 1998 file photo. Colvin was arrested at the age of 15 in 1955 for not giving up her seat to a white person in Montgomery, Alabama. (Photo by Dudley M. Brooks/The The Washington Post via Getty Images)
Claudette Colvin is seen in a 1998 file photo. Colvin was arrested at the age of 15 in 1955 for not giving up her seat to a white person in Montgomery, Alabama. (Photo by Dudley M. Brooks/The The Washington Post via Getty Images)
The Washington Post via Getty Images

The case was sent to juvenile court because of Colvin’s age, and records show a judge found her delinquent and placed her on probation “as a ward of the state pending good behavior.” Colvin never got official word that she had completed probation through the ensuing decades, and relatives said they assumed police would arrest her for any reason they could.

At the time she asked a court in October to expunge her record, Colvin said she did not want to be considered a “juvenile delinquent” anymore.

“I am an old woman now. Having my records expunged will mean something to my grandchildren and great grandchildren. And it will mean something for other Black children,” Colvin said at the time in a sworn statement.

Now that Juvenile Court Judge Calvin L. Williams has approved the request, Colvin said in a statement that she wants “us to move forward and be better.”

“When I think about why I’m seeking to have my name cleared by the state, it is because I believe if that happened it would show the generation growing up now that progress is possible, and things do get better. It will inspire them to make the world better,” she said.

Colvin never had any other arrests or legal scrapes, and she became a named plaintiff in the landmark lawsuit that outlawed racial segregation on Montgomery’s buses.

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Reeves is a member of the AP’s Race and Ethnicity team.

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